:: دوره 8، شماره 28 - ( مطالعات تاريخ اسلام، 1395 ) ::
جلد 8 شماره 28 صفحات 108-91 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
روابط صوفیه و معتزله
ساسان طهماسبی
چکیده:   (2004 مشاهده)
There were serious disagreements between the Sufism and Mu'tazilism, both of which came about in the second century AH., for the Sufism proximity to Ahl al- Hadith  (the people of the hadith) thought, namely the Shafi'i, Hanbali, Maliki, Thauri and Zahirite sects. This is considered as the major issue of discrepancy among Sufists and Mu’tazilists. Since the people of the hadith were irreconcilable enemies of the Mu'tazilites so was the unavoidable clash between Sufists and Mu'tazilites thought. Moreover, these two doctrines had disagreements over several other issues; the most important of which was denying the spiritual theurgy of Sufi leaders by Mu'tazilites. In addition, there were some differences on the subjects like attributes of god, seeing god, determinism and free will. Having experienced a heyday in the Buyid period, the Mu'tazilsm finally exterminated. Although the Ash'aris played a chief role in this event, the Sufi’s part was also considerable. This paper studies on the reasons of disagreement between the Sufists and Mu'tazilites and the role of Sufism in declining the Mu'tazilism.
واژه‌های کلیدی: تصوف، معتزله، کرامت، صفات الهی، جبر، اختیار
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي تاریخ اسلام
دریافت: 1396/5/27 | پذیرش: 1396/5/27 | انتشار: 1396/5/27


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دوره 8، شماره 28 - ( مطالعات تاريخ اسلام، 1395 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها