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:: Volume 8, Issue 28 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2016) ::
مطالعات تاریخ اسلام 2016, 8(28): 91-108 Back to browse issues page
The relationship between the Sufism and Mu'tazilism
Sasan Tahmasbi
Abstract:   (2055 Views)
There were serious disagreements between the Sufism and Mu'tazilism, both of which came about in the second century AH., for the Sufism proximity to Ahl al- Hadith  (the people of the hadith) thought, namely the Shafi'i, Hanbali, Maliki, Thauri and Zahirite sects. This is considered as the major issue of discrepancy among Sufists and Mu’tazilists. Since the people of the hadith were irreconcilable enemies of the Mu'tazilites so was the unavoidable clash between Sufists and Mu'tazilites thought. Moreover, these two doctrines had disagreements over several other issues; the most important of which was denying the spiritual theurgy of Sufi leaders by Mu'tazilites. In addition, there were some differences on the subjects like attributes of god, seeing god, determinism and free will. Having experienced a heyday in the Buyid period, the Mu'tazilsm finally exterminated. Although the Ash'aris played a chief role in this event, the Sufi’s part was also considerable. This paper studies on the reasons of disagreement between the Sufists and Mu'tazilites and the role of Sufism in declining the Mu'tazilism.
Keywords: Sufism, Mu'tazilsm, theurgy, attributes of god, determinism, free will
Full-Text [PDF 258 kb]   (644 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Islamic History
Received: 2017/08/18 | Accepted: 2017/08/18 | Published: 2017/08/18
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Tahmasbi S. The relationship between the Sufism and Mu'tazilism. مطالعات تاریخ اسلام. 2016; 8 (28) :91-108
URL: http://journal.pte.ac.ir/article-1-74-en.html


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Volume 8, Issue 28 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2016) Back to browse issues page
پژوهشكده تاريخ اسلام، فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ اسلام A Quarterly Journal of Historical Studies of Islam
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