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:: Volume 8, Issue 30 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2016) ::
مطالعات تاریخ اسلام 2016, 8(30): 159-178 Back to browse issues page
A Comparative Study of Iran and Ottoman’s Policy towards Qadiriyya
Sabah Ghanbari , Sabah Khosravizadeh
Abstract:   (1914 Views)
Qadiriyya is the first systematic dynasty of Sufi in the Muslim world that its name is derived from Abdul-Qadir Gilani (1077–1166 AD). The order is widespread among Muslims, from India to Sudan and the European frontiers of the Ottoman Empire between the eighth and twelfth - century AH. The first origin of Qadiriyya was Iraq and the historic city of “One Thousand and One” sects, i.e. Baghdad, which has survived the Mongolian conquest, and remained an influential Sunni institution. This period was the grandeur era of the Seljuk-Abbasid. The Qadiriyya was divided from Junayd School, and its followers were initially followers of Hanbali School, however, especially in Egypt and Kurdistan, a growing number of Shafi'i followers were added to them. The basic question of this paper is that why the Qadiriyya was rejected in, and meanwhile was welcomed in the Ottoman Empire? This Sufi order was important for Iranian governments, i.e. Safavid and Afsharid, at least for two reasons: first due to the anti-Shi'ism approach of this doctrine, and second, because of the strong and effective presence of Qadiriyya in the disputed areas between Iran and Ottoman governments, i.e. today’s Iraq and the Kurdish regions. Qadiriyya, with regard to the Iran and Ottoman wars, was always supportive of Ottoman and, believed that its state will last until resurrection and the end of the world. Consequently, the Iranian government’s policy towards it was rejecting, contrary to the Ottoman’s that had adopted a welcoming approach. The result of these contrary policies was that Qadiriyya was suppressed in Iran, bur spread throughout the territory of the Ottoman Empire.
Keywords: Qadiriyya doctrine, Ottomans, Iran, Safavid, Afsharid
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/08/18 | Accepted: 2017/08/18 | Published: 2017/08/18
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Ghanbari S, Khosravizadeh S. A Comparative Study of Iran and Ottoman’s Policy towards Qadiriyya. مطالعات تاریخ اسلام. 2016; 8 (30) :159-178
URL: http://journal.pte.ac.ir/article-1-60-en.html

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Volume 8, Issue 30 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2016) Back to browse issues page
پژوهشكده تاريخ اسلام، فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ اسلام A Quarterly Journal of Historical Studies of Islam
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