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:: Volume 9, Issue 34 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2017) ::
3 2017, 9(34): 3-32 Back to browse issues page
Environmental Differences and Urban Structure of Fostat and Cairo
Armindokht Amin, Fatemeh Janahmadi , Reaz Shabani
Abstract:   (1621 Views)
Fostat, the first Islamic capital of Egypt, was founded in the years 17-20AH
along with Babelyon by raising tents of militaries as the conqueror of Egypt. This ancient
Islamic city that its military nature dominated over its urban structures for many years was
the first Islamic city and the capital of Egypt, and the governor’s seat (dar- ol-hokumah and
dar-ol-emarah) of Muslim Emirs. In their haste to choose a construction site for the city and
their unfamiliarity with urbanization techniques, Muslim conquerors neglected some
important issues, which caused that Fostat could not be erected as a sustainable city in the
history of Egypt. Thus, after construction of “the Qaherat Almoezzi”, its glory was rapidly
declined and continued its life as one of the old neighborhoods of Egypt’s capital, along
with this new capital of Fatimids (i.e. Cairo). There are various reasons due to which Fostat
was unable to maintain its urban situation comparing Cairo, however, the environmental
factors as well as in consistency of its physical space have been neglected by the recent
researches in this regard. In this study, which uses a descriptive method, collects data from
historical references and benefits from analytical/deductive method, we aim to answer this
main question: what are the environmental differences between Fostat and the Qaherat
Almoezzi as two neighboring capitals? The outcome of this study showed that the
environmental differences, and bad climate of Fostat are due to improper geographical and physical space, which were caused by some fixed and variable factors that ultimately led to
durability of Cairo as the capital of Shiite Fatimid caliphate, and fall and inefficiency of
Fustat as a permanent urban, which was transmuted into a neighborhood of Cairo.
Keywords: Cairo (Qaherat Almoezzi), Fostat, Almoqattam mountain, the capital of Fatimids, environment
Full-Text [PDF 279 kb]   (538 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/12/19 | Accepted: 2017/12/19 | Published: 2017/12/19
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Amin A, Janahmadi F, Shabani R. Environmental Differences and Urban Structure of Fostat and Cairo. 3. 2017; 9 (34) :3-32
URL: http://journal.pte.ac.ir/article-1-326-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 34 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2017) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ اسلام A Quarterly Journal of Historical Studies of Islam
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