[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 13, Issue 50 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2021) ::
مطالعات تاریخ اسلام 2021, 13(50): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Mukata’a system and its financial consequences in the Ottoman government (11-13 AH/ 17-19 AD)
Ali Mirmohammadloo , Mohammad Taghi Imami Khoee, Nasrolah Poormohammadi amlashi
Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (136 Views)
Mukata’a (contracting) was the basis of the financial organization of Ottoman Government in the last centuries . When the number of victories decreased and Timar system collapsed,it was replaced by Mukata’a which led to certain changes in the financial system of the Ottoman government. Mukata’a was the most important source of income of the treasury. In order to overcome financial and tax collection problems, the government spread out the practice Mukata’a all over its lands and made the required changes. Among the most influential people of Mukata’a were the Sipahis( Sepah members), Biglerbegi, and non-Muslim wealthy fellows. (The opulent rich)
Due to some changes in the methods of Mukata’a systems in some provinces, excessive tax collection, Barat setting and improper collection, The authoritieschr('39') contumacious actions, and Oppressing the subjects caused a great social dissatisfaction specifically among the farmers, consequently playing an important role in the decline of Ottoman Empire. The present research aims at studying the transformations of Mukata’a systems, its functions and the role of contractors in the central Ottoman Government, and what caused the decline of Practicing Mukata’a throughout the Ottoman Empire employing the Descriptive-Analytic method and critical approach. 
Keywords: Ottoman government, Mukata’a system, tax, Iqta', Timar
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/04/21 | Accepted: 2021/09/9
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mirmohammadloo A, Imami Khoee M T, poormohammadi amlashi N. Mukata’a system and its financial consequences in the Ottoman government (11-13 AH/ 17-19 AD). مطالعات تاریخ اسلام. 2021; 13 (50)
URL: http://journal.pte.ac.ir/article-1-849-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 13, Issue 50 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2021) Back to browse issues page
پژوهشكده تاريخ اسلام، فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ اسلام A Quarterly Journal of Historical Studies of Islam
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4343