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:: Volume 7, Issue 24 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2015) ::
مطالعات تاریخ اسلام 2015, 7(24): 141-170 Back to browse issues page
The theorizer of the “Fourth Pillar” Theory
Sayyed Muhammad Reza Lavasani
Abstract:   (1925 Views)
Shaykhism is one of the youngest schools in the history of Imamiyyah (Twelver Shiism). The Theory of "Forth Pillar (Rukn-i-Rabi’)" is one of the most famous theories attributed to this school, the different branches of which do not have a common notion of it. Besides, they disagree over the person to whom the aforementioned theory could be attributed."Ahmad Al-Ahsa’i", "Sayyed Kazim Al-Rashti" and "Muhammad Karim Al-Kirmani" have been nominated to be the theorizer by different Shaykhi or non-Shaykhi scholars.
This Article identifies four components in the structure of Theory:
1) The literature based on Quadr-hierarchy of "God, Prophet, Imam, and perfect Shia". 2) The Hierarchy of Secret-Men (Qura-yi-Zahirah). 3) Their Unity or Multiplicity.  4) Their Duties and roles.
Although the foundation of Theory could be recognized in Al-Ahsa’i’s works, by concentrating on these four components, I shall demonstrate that Sayyed Kazim Al-Rashti should be elected as the main theorizer of Theory.
Keywords: Fourth Pillar, Shaykhism, Shaykh Ahmad Al-Ahsa’i, Sayyed Kazim Al-Rashti, Haj Muhammad Karim Khan Al-Kirmani
Full-Text [PDF 1493 kb]   (1018 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Islamic History
Received: 2017/08/22 | Accepted: 2017/08/22 | Published: 2017/08/22
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Lavasani S M R. The theorizer of the “Fourth Pillar” Theory. مطالعات تاریخ اسلام. 2015; 7 (24) :141-170
URL: http://journal.pte.ac.ir/article-1-121-en.html

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Volume 7, Issue 24 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2015) Back to browse issues page
پژوهشكده تاريخ اسلام، فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ اسلام A Quarterly Journal of Historical Studies of Islam
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