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:: Volume 7, Issue 24 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2015) ::
مطالعات تاریخ اسلام 2015, 7(24): 57-82 Back to browse issues page
The Relations between Fatimids and Sharifs ( Sharif of al-Hejaz)
Fatemeh Janahmadi , Seyyed Mahmoud Samani
Abstract:   (1850 Views)
Fatimid government (297-567 AH) in Egypt and Damascus was in part contemporary with the long-established government of Sharif of al-Hassani (358-1343 AH) in Mecca and Sharif of al-Hosseini (360-1100 AH) in Medina.  Hejaz noblemen, despite their spiritual independence and political prominence, were constantly influenced by the policies of their adjoining powerful governments. Among these governments, Shiite Fatimids were considered as foes and rivals to Abbasid government and Buyid and Seljuk dynasties in Iran. Given their military supremacy, they tried their best to be in the ascendancy of the Holy Shrines and making governors follow their policies. The historical analysis of this era led to emergence of a good number of questions. The present study aims to respond to two of these questions: How were the relations between the Fatimids and Sharif of al-Hejaz governors? What factors impacted on the stability of the relations of the Fatimids? The findings of the study revealed that there were mutual relations between the Fatimids and Sharif of al-Hejaz governors in a way that the Fatimids sought to maintain their legitimacy and governmental prominence via diplomatic relations with the Sharifs and dominating Hejaz. Furthermore, they wished to inhibit the Abbasids and their allies from gaining control over the Holy Shrines. Sharifs, given their political, military, and economic weakness, also attempted to reinforce themselves financially and maintain their political stability via relations with the Fatimids. The reasons for the continuity of such relations could also be sought in the acts of the Buyid and Seljuk dynasties. The present study aims to answer these questions and test the posed hypotheses through a descriptive-analytic, inferential approach and library-oriented method of data collection.
Keywords: Relations, Fatimids, Sharifs, Holy Shrines, Abbasids, Buyid, Seljuk
Full-Text [PDF 228 kb]   (901 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Islamic History
Received: 2017/08/22 | Accepted: 2017/08/22 | Published: 2017/08/22
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Janahmadi F, Samani S M. The Relations between Fatimids and Sharifs ( Sharif of al-Hejaz). مطالعات تاریخ اسلام. 2015; 7 (24) :57-82
URL: http://journal.pte.ac.ir/article-1-118-en.html

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Volume 7, Issue 24 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2015) Back to browse issues page
پژوهشكده تاريخ اسلام، فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ اسلام A Quarterly Journal of Historical Studies of Islam
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