:: دوره 1، شماره 2 - ( مطالعات تاریخ اسلام، 1388 ) ::
جلد 1 شماره 2 صفحات 100-74 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
محورهای همگرایی نیروهای متخاصم در جنگ‌های دوره خلافت حضرت علی(ع)
سیّده سوسن فخرائی
چکیده:   (1796 مشاهده)
Highness Ali (PBUH) faced three major wars during his five years old Caliphate; Jamal, Seffin and Nahravan which in them his opponents has been gathered against him under the titles of Nakethin, Ghasetin and Mareghin. In these wars many famed Muslims has been killed and the basis of many of theological and political differences in Islamic society was founded. In this article reasons behind formation of this opponent stream against 4th caliph and composition of the opponent forces and their tribal context were been research.  Besides, the causes of their alliance were been investigated by using theories of social scientists such as Weber and Morton. Religious beliefs always considered as the most important reason of alliance in Ali’s (PBUH) army, however on the other side Intentions to go back to traditional power based on tribal prejudices, and materialism of their leaders and individualism of primitive Arabs are the main reason of his enemies convergence; these factors in Morton theory considered as a destructive factor for unity
واژه‌های کلیدی: تعصبات قبیله ای، اعتقادات دینی، منفعت اقتصادی، بازگشت به سنّت، فرد گرایی اعراب بدوی
متن کامل [PDF 305 kb]   (995 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي تاریخ اسلام
دریافت: 1396/5/31 | پذیرش: 1396/5/31 | انتشار: 1396/5/31


XML   English Abstract   Print



بازنشر اطلاعات
Creative Commons License این مقاله تحت شرایط Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License قابل بازنشر است.
دوره 1، شماره 2 - ( مطالعات تاریخ اسلام، 1388 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها