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:: Volume 1, Issue 2 (Vol2, No1, Autumn2010 2009) ::
مطالعات تاریخ اسلام 2009, 1(2): 74-100 Back to browse issues page
Axes of hostile forces convergence against caliphate of highness Ali (PBUH)
Sayedeh Susan Fakhraie
Abstract:   (1797 Views)
Highness Ali (PBUH) faced three major wars during his five years old Caliphate; Jamal, Seffin and Nahravan which in them his opponents has been gathered against him under the titles of Nakethin, Ghasetin and Mareghin. In these wars many famed Muslims has been killed and the basis of many of theological and political differences in Islamic society was founded. In this article reasons behind formation of this opponent stream against 4th caliph and composition of the opponent forces and their tribal context were been research.  Besides, the causes of their alliance were been investigated by using theories of social scientists such as Weber and Morton. Religious beliefs always considered as the most important reason of alliance in Ali’s (PBUH) army, however on the other side Intentions to go back to traditional power based on tribal prejudices, and materialism of their leaders and individualism of primitive Arabs are the main reason of his enemies convergence; these factors in Morton theory considered as a destructive factor for unity
Keywords: Axes of convergence, tribal prejudices, religious beliefs, economic interest, the tradition’s termidor individualism of primitive Arabs
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Islamic History
Received: 2017/08/22 | Accepted: 2017/08/22 | Published: 2017/08/22
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Fakhraie S S. Axes of hostile forces convergence against caliphate of highness Ali (PBUH). مطالعات تاریخ اسلام. 2009; 1 (2) :74-100
URL: http://journal.pte.ac.ir/article-1-92-en.html

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Volume 1, Issue 2 (Vol2, No1, Autumn2010 2009) Back to browse issues page
پژوهشكده تاريخ اسلام، فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ اسلام A Quarterly Journal of Historical Studies of Islam
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