:: Volume 13, Issue 49 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2021) ::
مطالعات تاریخ اسلام 2021, 13(49): 123-138 Back to browse issues page
Background and Rules of Procedure of “Janāqi” Among the Senior Officials of the Safavid Royal Court
Ali Mashhadi Rafi
Abstract:   (263 Views)
The common image of the Iranian historical monarchies in most of the historical studies is still the image of an Absolute monarchy, in which all decisions are originated in the personal wills of the monarch. Nevertheless, in a notable number of historical texts we are facing plenty of evidences of the existence of consultancies, advisory councils or even some well-established traditions for consultation among the high officials and the monarch, which illustrate a different image of the decision making process in the courts of the Iranian dynasties. A good example of such advisory councils is “Majma-e Omaray-e Janaqi” in Safavid era had an especial protocol for convening. This research is firstly aimed at reviewing the background of the tradition of “Janaqi” in Safavid era and illustrating a clear image of the rules of procedure of this council by means of describing its structure and scope of work on the basis of existing information in the remained instructions of the Safavid royal court.
Keywords: consultancy, decision-making system, Safavid royal court, Majma-e Omaray-e Janaqi, bureaucracy
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/01/17 | Accepted: 2021/04/12 | Published: 2021/10/11

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Volume 13, Issue 49 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2021) Back to browse issues page