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:: Volume 5, Issue 19 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2014) ::
3 2014, 5(19): 171-188 Back to browse issues page
Study on Voltaire’s views about Muhammad’s personality
Zeynab Karimi , Mohammad Ali Chelongar
Abstract:   (970 Views)
François-Marie Arouet (Voltaire) (1694-1778) as a most controversial orientalist in 18th century, inspired some challenging views about Islam and Life of Prophet (Sira) which have undergone a gradual evolution. Initially, in the first phase he has a highly critical view on Islam and Muhammad such that he has addressed him as a liar and deceitful man. In the second phase which synchronizes with the middle of his cultural and scientific life he adopted a moderate stance on Islam and Muhammad. In this phase he has introduced the prophet as a politician and finally late in life, he has praised and worshipped the prophet and has referred to him as creator of the biggest revolution and religion and Islam as the greatest religion.
     Thus, this paper aims to illustrate the thoughts of Voltaire about Muhammad, the way he was transformed and its causes and this study also seeks to answer the following questions:
     1. What is the reason of Voltaire’s critical attitude towards Muhammad?
     2. In which issues he criticizes Muhammad?
     3. What factors are involved in transforming Voltaire’s outlook on Muhammad?
     4. Is there any relationship between his positive view on Muhammad in the second half of his life and his critical attitude towards Christianity?
   

 
Keywords: Orientalist, Voltaire, Islam, Mohammad
Full-Text [PDF 233 kb]   (421 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/09/14 | Accepted: 2017/09/14 | Published: 2017/09/14
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Karimi Z, Chelongar M A. Study on Voltaire’s views about Muhammad’s personality. 3. 2014; 5 (19) :171-188
URL: http://journal.pte.ac.ir/article-1-293-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 19 (HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM , 2014) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ اسلام A Quarterly Journal of Historical Studies of Islam
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